Gum Arabic “desert gold of Africa” is the dried exudates obtained from stems and branches of Acacia Senegal. Willd or closely related species of Acacia that belong to the family Fabaceae.
The species adapted naturally to the hot, dry and barren regions of Africa particularly in areas along the southern frontiers of Sahara desert including Mauritania, Senegal, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Chad and Sudan
Three states alone have 66% of the total production capacity. These are Bornu, Yobe and Jigawa States